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City of Manhattan News

Posted on: December 30, 2019

2020 Census

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The decennial census is the once-a-decade population and housing count of all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Island Areas. The results of the census determine the number of seats for each state in the U.S. House of Representatives and are used to draw state legislative and local districts. Federal agencies use the results to distribute more than $6 billion in federal funds to Kansas each year.

Thomas Jefferson directed the first decennial census in 1790. As required by the U.S. Constitution, a census has been taken every 10 years thereafter. In 1840, the Census Act authorized the establishment of a centralized Census Office. In 1902, the Census Office became a permanent organization within the Department of the Interior. A year later, it was renamed the Bureau of the Census and moved to the new Department of Commerce and Labor.

The U.S. Census Bureau’s mission is to serve as the leading source of quality data about the nation’s people and economy. The U.S. Census Bureau’s vision is to be the trusted source for timely and relevant statistical information, and the leader in data-driven information. Data is collected through the decennial census, the American Community Survey, the Economic Census and many other surveys. 

Population totals and breakdowns by sex, age, race and other factors are used to determine the allocation of federal funds, grants and support to Kansas as well as to our counties, cities and communities. People in your community use Census Bureau data in all kinds of ways.

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